Sometimes it seems that there are no rules in this regard, no regulator to monitor the arbitrary activities of so-called donors. But in reality, there is a law – a law regulating the behaviour of landlords, as well as tenants. And this law is called the Premises Rent Control Act, 1991. I will now discuss some of the binding provisions of the law that landlords must comply with when renting their premises and achieving their rents. The first and most important duty of landlords before renting their premises is to enter into a written lease with the tenants. But the owners are very reluctant because they willingly rent their premises on the basis of an oral contract, so it cannot be made mandatory by law. But with respect to Section 8, Subsection 5 of the Rent Control Act, tenants are deprived of many benefits under the law because of a lack of written contracts with the landlord. Second, there is an absolute restriction of the sudden increase in rent according to the sweet will of the landlords. In accordance with Section 7 of the Rent Act, the total and illogical increase in rents was limited. And the clear provision of the law clearly states that while the rent of the premises has been increased to exceed the standard rent, the amount of this exaggeration, notwithstanding a contrary agreement, is in no way irrecreable. And what is the standard rent will be set with respect to the premises under the aforementioned law. Another legal provision that is mandatory for the landlord is the “tenant permit.” Under section 13 of the Act, any tenant who pays for the lease of space to the lessor is authorized to receive a written receipt signed by the landlord for the amount paid.
This section therefore indicates that it is mandatory for the landlord to give a rent receipt to the tenant when he receives the rent money. On the other hand, if the tenant pays the rent without taking a receipt from the landlord, the tenant will not receive relief in accordance with the law. At the same time, when a lessor deliberately refuses the tenant a written rental certificate or does not transfer it, he must be punished with a fine that does not exceed the amount realized, in accordance with section 27 of the act. And for the monitoring and enforcement of all the legal provisions of the Premises Rent Control Act, in accordance with Section 3 of the Act, the government designates, for each area, one for the exercise of its powers under that Act and for the performance of the functions entrusted to it. Under this law, the person in charge of the processing also has the right to enter and inspect premises for information. Finally, no landlord can evict a tenant without notice under this law. The question now is the implementation of the law, which has all the provisions to protect tenants. But if the law is not enforced, all of this will be free. In order for the legal provisions of the law to be properly implemented, we must all be very aware of our legal rights and then file complaints with the relevant authorities whenever necessary.
In addition, the government should be more vigilant in guaranteeing tenants` rights and fulfilling the legal obligations of landlords. Only then can the expected result come, otherwise it will never be. The legal aspects of real estate, like other legal factors, are often considered complex and confusing by the layman. The insolence and disregard for existing rent laws have made renting apartments so far difficult and very one-sided. And as long as landlords, brokers and even the authorities do not take this matter seriously and enforce the law, tenants will continue to be in need.