Virginia Hero argued that “contemporary Western society is in the grip of contractual thought” (193). Contract models have come to inform a wide range of relationships and interactions between individuals, students and their teachers, authors and their readers. In this context, it would be difficult to overestimate the impact of the theory of the social contract, both within philosophy and on the wider culture. The theory of the social contract is undoubtedly with us for the foreseeable future. But also the criticism of such a theory, which will continue to force us to think and rethink nature both to ourselves and to our relations with each other. What is the social contract? A citizen`s agreement with the government? No, it would just mean the continuation of [Roussau`s] idea. The social contract is a man`s agreement with man; An agreement that must follow through on what we call society. In this one, the notion of communist justice, first presented by the primitive fact of the exchange, … is replaced by that of fair distribution … These words, these treaties, communal justice, which are the language of the law, to translate into the language of the economy, and you have trade, that is, in their utmost importance, the action by which man and man declare themselves essentially producers, and abdicate all the advantages to govern each other. In moral and political philosophy, the social contract is a theory or model that emerged during the Enlightenment and generally concerns the legitimacy of the state`s authority over the individual.  The arguments of the social contract typically mean that individuals have expressly or implicitly agreed to give up some of their freedoms and submit to the authority (of the sovereign or the decision of a majority) in exchange for the protection of their remaining rights or the maintenance of social order.   The relationship between natural and legal rights is often a subject of social contract theory.
The term has its name from The Social Contract, a 1762 book by Jean-Jacques Rousseau that discussed the concept. Although the forerunners of the theory of social contract can be found in antiquity, in Greek and stoic philosophy, and in Roman and canonical law, the apogee of the social contract was in the mid-17th century until the early 19th century, when it crystallized as the dominant doctrine of political legitimacy. Thomas Hobbes, 1588-1679, lived during the most important period in modern English history: the English Civil War, fought from 1642 to 1648. To describe this conflict in the most important terms, it was a conflict between the king and his supporters, the monarchists, who preferred the traditional authority of a monarch, and parliamentarians, notably under the leadership of Oliver Cromwell, who demanded more power for the quasi-democratic institution of Parliament. Hobbes represents a compromise between these two groups. On the one hand, he rejects the theory of the divine right of kings, which Robert filmmaker expresses most eloquently in his patriarchy or in the natural power of kings (although john Locke is allowed to refute the filmmakers directly).